Whether it is family, domestic, gender-based, racial or gun-related, Canada is not immune to the types of violence that affect people all over the world. In 2016, there were 141 gang-related homicides in Canada—almost 47% more than in 2015. And every year, an estimated 362,000 Canadian children witness or experience family violence. To help combat violence across the country, the federal government announced in November 2017 that they would be spending $327.6 million over five years on anti-gun and gang initiatives, with an additional $100 million annually after that.
Violence works on four different levels—individual, relationships, community and society. This large-scale issue can’t be attributed to a single cause. There are numerous factors that put people at risk of demonstrating violent behavior. This means we need to take multiple preventative measures, like promoting gender and social equality, and improving the accessibility of strong support services for victims of violence. Everyone has the right to feel safe, without threat or fear.
Preventing Violence: A Guide to Implementing the Recommendations of the World Report on Violence and Health World Health Organization: Violence Prevention Alliance CBC: Article on Gun and Gang Violence in Canada METRAC: Action on Violence in Ontario Global Health Education Consortium: The Causes and Effects of Violence Government of Canada: Canada’s Strategy to Prevent and Address Gender-Based Violence Gun Violence Archive: Statistics on Gun Violence in the U.S. U.S. National Library of Medicine: Violence in the U.S. Statista: Statistics and Facts on Violent Crime in the U.S.
Homelessness affects millions of people and costs the economy billions of dollars annually.